منتدى تمريض المنصورة


 
الرئيسيةالبوابهاليوميةمكتبة الصوربحـثالمجموعاتالتسجيلدخول
*بسم الله الرحمن الرحيم * اهلا وسهلا مرحبا بكم فى منتدى تمريض المنصورة* *منتدى تمريض المنصورة يرحب بجميع الزائرين* الاعضاء الكرام والزائرين هذا المنتدى انشىء من اجل خدمة الجميع فمعامن اجل نشاطه وتقدمه نشارك باالردوالمشاركة فى الموضوعات والمسابقات* للشكاوى من الزائرين يرجى كتابتها فى قسم الشكاوى الخاص فى المنتدى*اشترك الان فى صفحة المنتدى على الفيس بوكfuturestars وكون معنا دائما *
بحـث
 
 

نتائج البحث
 
Rechercher بحث متقدم
المواضيع الأخيرة
» حفل توزيع الحاسبات اللوحية على الطلبة المتفوقين في جامعة بنها
الخميس نوفمبر 28, 2013 11:38 am من طرف رهواندا

» مبادرة مصر اولا المبادرة المثالية
الأربعاء نوفمبر 20, 2013 9:45 am من طرف رهواندا

» دورات تدريبية لتوصيف البرامج وخرائط بنوعية بنها
الأربعاء نوفمبر 13, 2013 11:40 am من طرف رهواندا

» حفل خريجين كلية الاداب قسم اللغة الفرنسية وافتتاح مبادرة بداية
الإثنين نوفمبر 11, 2013 11:35 am من طرف رهواندا

» هام لجميع الطلبة بالكليات بجامعة بنها
الإثنين مايو 27, 2013 11:15 am من طرف رهواندا

» Pharmacology Questions ..الحق معانا
الأربعاء ديسمبر 19, 2012 6:33 pm من طرف the death blow

» Nursing role of medication
الأربعاء ديسمبر 19, 2012 6:29 pm من طرف the death blow

» حملة الدفاع عن هوية مصر الاسلامية
الأربعاء مارس 14, 2012 12:14 am من طرف eng.mirooo

» هل تعلم؟.....معلومات طبية قيمه جدا
الخميس مارس 08, 2012 3:34 pm من طرف أم معتز

» زوج مخنوق جداااا
السبت ديسمبر 17, 2011 5:02 pm من طرف eng.mirooo

» جراحة Disphgia
الإثنين أكتوبر 31, 2011 10:43 pm من طرف المصري

» محاضرة الفارما
الإثنين أكتوبر 31, 2011 10:40 pm من طرف المصري

» تمريض
الإثنين أكتوبر 31, 2011 10:33 pm من طرف المصري

» سؤال هااام جدا
السبت أكتوبر 15, 2011 5:53 pm من طرف براءة

» رساله لجميع الأعضاء
الخميس أكتوبر 06, 2011 4:06 pm من طرف the death blow

ازرار التصفُّح
 البوابة
 الرئيسية
 قائمة الاعضاء
 البيانات الشخصية
 س .و .ج
 بحـث
منتدى
التبادل الاعلاني
احداث منتدى مجاني

شاطر | 
 

 Gastrointestinal Bleeding

استعرض الموضوع السابق استعرض الموضوع التالي اذهب الى الأسفل 
كاتب الموضوعرسالة
THE SPIDER
رئيس مجلس الادارة
رئيس مجلس الادارة
avatar

عدد المساهمات : 1453
تاريخ التسجيل : 15/08/2010
العمر : 26
الموقع : Elmansoura


مُساهمةموضوع: Gastrointestinal Bleeding    السبت نوفمبر 06, 2010 10:07 pm

ed]
Gastrointestinal Bleeding
The many causes of gastrointestinal (GI) bleeding are classified into upper or lower, depending on their location in the GI tract.
• Uppergastrointestinal bleeding: Upper GI bleeding originates in the first part of the GI tract-the esophagus, stomach, or duodenum (first part of the intestine). Bleeding can come from ingestion of caustic poisons or stomach cancer. Most often, upper GI bleeding is caused by one of the following:
o Peptic ulcers
o Gastritis
o Esophageal varices
o Mallory-Weiss tears

• Lowergastrointestinal bleeding: Lower GI bleeding originates in the portions of the GI tract farther down the digestive system-the segment of the small intestine farther from the stomach, large intestine, rectum, and anus. Diverticular disease, angiodysplasia, polyps, hemorrhoids, and anal fissures most commonly cause the bleeding. Blood in the stool can result from cancers, inflammatory bowel disease, and infectious diarrhea.
Gastrointestinal Bleeding Causes
The many causes ofgastrointestinalbleeding are classified into upper or lower, depending on their location in the GI tract.
• Upper GI bleeding
o Peptic ulcer disease: Peptic ulcers are localized erosions of the wall of the digestive tract. Ulcers usually occur in the stomach or duodenum. Breakdown of the walls results in damage to blood vessels, causing bleeding. When the mucous membranes break down, they are unable to counteract the harsh effects of stomach acid. Nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drugs (NSAIDs), aspirin, alcohol, and cigarette smoking promote gastric ulcer formation. Helicobacter pylori are a type of bacteria that also promote formation of ulcers.
o Gastritis: General inflammation of the stomach wall, which can result in bleeding. Gastritis also results from an inability of the gastric lining to protect itself from the acid it produces. NSAIDs, steroids, alcohol, burns, and trauma can cause gastritis.
o Esophageal varices: Swellings in veins of your esophagus or stomach usually result from liver disease. Varices most commonly result from alcoholic liver cirrhosis. When varices bleed, the bleeding can be massive and catastrophic and occur without warning.
o Mallory-Weiss tear: A tear in the esophageal or stomach wall, often as a result of vomiting or retching. Tears also can occur after seizures, forceful coughing or laughing, lifting, straining, or childbirth. Physicians often find tears in people who have recently binged on alcohol.
• Lower GI bleeding
o Diverticulosis: One of the most common causes of lower GI bleeding. Small out-pockets, or diverticula, form on part of the wall of your colon (large intestine), usually in a weakened area of the bowel wall. You may develop several pockets, which are more common in people who have constipation and strain at stool.
o Angiodysplasia: Along with diverticulosis, this is one of the most common causes of lower GI bleeding. Angiodysplasia is a malformation in the blood vessels in the wall of the GI tract. The sores are most common in the large intestine and often bleed. The elderly and people with chronic kidney failure develop the disease most often.
o Polyps: Intestinal polyps are noncancerous tumors of the GI tract, occurring mostly in people older than 40 years. A small proportion of these polyps may transform into cancer. Colonic polyps may bleed rapidly, or they may bleed slowly and go undetected.
o Hemorrhoids and fissures: Hemorrhoids are swellings of veins in and around your rectum. Repeated stretching from straining at stool causes them to bleed. Bleeding from hemorrhoids is usually mild, intermittent, and bright red. Massive bleeding is rare. Anal fissures, or tears in the anal wall, also may trigger small amounts of bright red bleeding from the anus. Forceful straining during passage of hard stool usually causes such tears, which can be very painful.
Gastrointestinal Bleeding Symptoms
Acute gastrointestinal bleeding first will appear as vomiting of blood, bloody bowel movements, or black, tarry stools. Blood may look like "coffee grounds." Symptoms associated with blood loss can include the following:
• Fatigue
• Weakness
• Shortness of breath
• Abdominal pain
• Pale appearance
• Vomiting of blood usually originates from an upper GI source. Bright red or maroon stool can be from either a lower GI source or from brisk bleeding at an upper GI source.
• Long-term GI bleeding may go unnoticed or may cause fatigue, anemia, black stools, or a positive test for microscopic blood.
Exams and Tests
• A doctor will perform a complete history and physical exam to evaluate your problem. The physical will include a digital rectal exam, to test for visible or microscopic blood from your rectum.
• The doctor may need to insert a tube through your nose into your stomach to help identify the source of the bleeding. The procedure is called endoscopy. An endoscope is a long tube with a tiny camera on the end. It may be passed through the nose into the stomach, or through the rectum into the colon, to directly see the source of bleeding. Endoscopy can be both diagnostic, finding the source of bleeding, and therapeutic, stopping it.
• Lab tests also can be helpful to determine the rate or severity of bleeding and to determine factors that may contribute to the problem.
Gastrointestinal Bleeding Treatment
Self-Care at Home

There is no home care for heavy gastrointestinal bleeding. Go to a hospital's emergency department. For hemorrhoids or anal fissures, eat a diet high in fiber and fluids to keep stools soft.
Medical Treatment
• Serious gastrointestinal bleeding can destabilize your vital signs. For instance, your blood pressure may fall sharply and your heart rate will increase.
• The physician may need to resuscitate you with IV fluids and possibly a blood transfusion.
• In some cases, you may need surgery.
Follow-up
• Maintain a proper diet and take the medications prescribed to you as your doctor directs.
• Follow up with your physician on a regular basis to monitor progress, so that your doctor can prevent further progression and complications of your gastrointestinal bleedin
Prevention
You can prevent some causes of gastrointestinal bleeding.
• Avoid foods and factors, such as alcohol and smoking, that increase gastric secretions.
• Eat a high-fiber diet to increase the bulk of the stool, which helps prevent diverticulosis and hemorrhoids.
Outlook
The outcome of treatment for gastrointestinal bleeding greatly depends on the cause and location of the bleeding, the rate of bleeding when you see a doctor, and your age and prior health.





The heart hides what you can’t say but the eyes say what you try to hide


علمنى ازاى احبه ومعه اعيش بس ازاى اعيش من غيره ده اللى معلمنيش





آلمعآنآإة آلگبرى هي :حين يسقط من
عينيگ إنسآإن مآ ..! لگنّہ لـآ يسقط من قلبگ ..! ۆ يظلُّ معلقاً بين مرآآحل
سقوط آلقلب ۆ سقوط آلعين ۆ تبقى ۆحدگ آلضحية لأحآسيس مُزعجہ ..!تحبّہ ..
لگنّك بينگ ۆ بين نفسگ تحتقره
...
الرجوع الى أعلى الصفحة اذهب الى الأسفل
HERO_ELMASRY
الكبير أوى
الكبير أوى
avatar

عدد المساهمات : 1377
تاريخ التسجيل : 14/08/2010
العمر : 25



مُساهمةموضوع: رد: Gastrointestinal Bleeding    السبت نوفمبر 06, 2010 10:10 pm

الله عليك يا سبايدر
اصلى من يومك
عشان ميزووو واجع دماغى بالتوبيك ده
الف شكر يا حبى






صمتى لا
يعني جهلي بما يدور حولى ,, ولكن ما يدور حولى لا يستحق الكلام !





الرجوع الى أعلى الصفحة اذهب الى الأسفل
http://futurestars.ba7r.org
 
Gastrointestinal Bleeding
استعرض الموضوع السابق استعرض الموضوع التالي الرجوع الى أعلى الصفحة 
صفحة 1 من اصل 1
 مواضيع مماثلة
-
» Bleeding love by Leona Lewis
» قياس زمن النزيف Bleeding time

صلاحيات هذا المنتدى:لاتستطيع الرد على المواضيع في هذا المنتدى
منتدى تمريض المنصورة :: أقسام الكلية :: المكتبة التمريضية-
انتقل الى: